- PhD, Yale University, 1973
- BA, Yale University, 1966
I am a U.S. political and constitutional historian, working mainly on the period 1787-1877. I write on Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War. I just finished a book called Terror and War in North America, 1864-1865 and am working on a political and constitutional history of the Civil War.
Lincoln and the Triumph of the Nation: Constitutional Conflict in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2011.
The Boundaries of American Political Culture in the Civil War Era. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2005.
The Union Divided: Party Conflict in the Civil War North. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2002.
Southern Rights: Political Prisoners and the Myth of Confederate Constitutionalism. Charlottesville: University of Virginia, 1999.
Awards and Service:
Wilbur Cross Medal, Yale University Graduate School (1995)
Pulitzer Prize for History, The Fate of Liberty (1992)
R. Stanton Avery Research Fellowship, Huntington Library, San Marino, California (1997-1998)